Infectious diseases are the number one cause of deaths worldwide compared to any other cause. They are caused by tiny living things, called germs that are found in the air, soil and water. Infectious diseases can be transmitted by a touching, eating, drinking or even breathing. The key to keeping yourself healthy is prevention. Educate yourself on helpful steps you can take to help prevent an infectious disease that may be potentially life threatening.


Make sure you and your children remain up-to-date on vaccinations. Follow the CDC's recommendations for childhood and adult immunizations.

Prepare & Handle Food Safely

Be careful of what you eat and how it is prepared. Make sure the meat you eat is thoroughly cooked and showing no pink. Keep your kitchen counters, cutting boards and utensils clean, especially after preparing meat to be cooked. Thoroughly wash your fruits and vegetables before eating them. Make sure your refrigerator and freezer temperature controls are working properly, and be sure to keep cold foods cold and hot foods hot before you are ready to cook them.

Wash Your Hands

Wash your hands often and thoroughly, especially during the cold and flu season. Always wash your hands before eating or handling food, after using the bathroom or changing a diaper, after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose and after caring for a sick person or petting an animal.

Protect Yourself from Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Talk to your partner about his/her past sexual partners. Use a latex or polyurethane condom each time you have intercourse. Be aware of the symptoms of STDs and if you are at risk.

Avoid Injection Drug Use

Refrain from injection drug use; and if you do inject drugs, do not share needles.

Be Cautious Around Animals

Be careful around wild and domesticated animals that are not familiar with you. In the event you or your child is bitten, carefully clean the wound with soap and water and immediately seek medical attention.

Avoid Heavily Insect Infested Areas

Use clothing and skin repellants in areas where mosquitos and ticks are common. Contact your doctor if you become ill after recently visiting a wooded area.

Take Medications as Prescribed

Carefully follow the instructions of prescribed medications and take them for the full course instructed by your doctor. Do not share antibiotics with family or friends.

Travel Smart

Be aware of threats of disease in places you travel, especially in underdeveloped areas. Be sure to have all the recommended travel vaccines before you go on your trip. Upon return from your trip, if you become ill, contact your doctor immediately.

Rest & Recover

If you become ill, allow yourself time to rest and recover. Be mindful of others by avoiding close contact and covering your mouth when you sneeze or cough. Wash your hands frequently. If you do not become well, even after taking antibiotics prescribed by your doctor, contact your physician.